Local news said Khan planned to appeal against the sentence.
This was the last case where the local Bishnoi community who considers blackbucks a reincarnation of their 600-year-old guru - alleged that Khan along with four others had illegally killed two blackbucks from his vehicle window while filming in Jodhpur in 1998.
Khan, one of the world's highest-paid actors, was found guilty of illegally shooting the two blackbuck antelopes from his auto window.
Khan is not the first time appears in court, says the BBC. Terrorists from Kashmir who were shifted from Srinagar to Jodhpur Central Prison will also be in the same jail, according to News18.
Prosecutors alleged the 52-year-old shot the two blackbucks while out driving with some of his co-stars.
Khan pleaded not guilty and has long maintained his innocence as the case has languished in legal limbo. Among those who hunted Han and other famous Indian actors - Saif Ali Khan and Sonali Bendre.
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If he disapproves of the execution of the law by subordinate Justice Department officers, he can remove them. He has said in the past he wanted the two bills to be reconciled before the committee could consider it.
In an official statement, Mr Khan's lawyer Anand Desai said that the judgement came as a "surprise".
On Thursday evening, Khan was given four blankets to sleep on the floor in his barracks that has two ceiling fans.
Khan has always been known as one of Bollywood's bad boys and has been in trouble with the law before. He was sentenced to five years in jail and told to pay Rs 10,000 (55,400). However, the court acquitted them for lack of evidence.
The son of Indian screenwriter Salim Khan, the actor made his movie debut in 1988, and his career soon took off.
Salman Khan is no doubt one of the biggest stars in India, he is known both at home and overseas. It is most likely that the superstar may be released on bail today. He was sentenced and convicted Thursday.