Ensure that containers for sharps objects are placed as close as possible to the immediate area where the objects are being used (point of use') to limit the distance between use and disposal, and ensure the containers remain upright at all times, the advisory said.
Nipah has created a scare as it has already claimed 12 lives including a nurse in Kerala.
"We just sent them as a precaution", said K Shankar, medical superintendent of the Sir Ronald Ross Institute of Tropical and Communicable Diseases in Hyderabad. Prior, the two comparable cases were suspected from Mangalore in Karnataka yet reports were negative. According to the Health Department, the five-day training that commences on Monday will mainly focus on equipping the doctors to provide quality treatment to those infected by diseases like Nipah.
The virus can cause a range of mild to severe disease in domestic animals such as pigs while in humans, the infection causes a range of clinical presentations, from asymptomatic infection to acute respiratory infection and fatal encephalitis. "To stop the outbreak, authorities had to euthanize over one million pigs".
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The virus is spread through bodily fluids that can be passed from one creature to another.
A World Health Organization analysis paper on Nipah notes that outbreaks since 2001 have been due to drinking contaminated date palm sap, or its fermented variety, especially in Bangladesh.
A 24-year-old software engineer was referred to Fever Hospital from a corporate hospital in Gachibowli after he showed flu-like symptoms while another 22-year-old patient at NIMS is now in coma as he is suffering from encephalitis.
Among the advisories given, the WHO has advised countries to enhance surveillance at health care facilities including at points of entry and give case definitions among healthcare workers (HCWs).
Two members of his family had died earlier of the virus.
The Kerala High Court on Thursday asked the state government to submit the measures it took to prevent rumours with regard to Nipah virus. The Nipah virus vaccine agreement is the fourth that CEPI has signed since it launched in 2017. Since then, the virus hits Bangladesh every year. NMCH superintendent Dr A P Singh said hospital staff would be provided protective equipment, such as individual gowns (impermeable), gloves, masks, goggles and shoe cover to avoid the risk of contracting the virus. So far, it is believed that the two known strains of Nipah virus are both not easily transmitted.