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From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report.

Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said eliminating trans fats from human diets would be "a global win in the fight against cardiovascular disease".

Heart and circulatory disease kills 160,000 people in the United Kingdom each year - with an estimated 2,000 to 3,000 people dying as a result of chronic conditions caused by consuming trans fat, said Prof Capewell.

That is Dr. Tom Frieden. Frieden now heads a nonprofit called "Resolve to Save Lives". This is an unprecedented move. Some governments have implemented nationwide bans on partially hydrogenated oils, the main source of industrially-produced trans fats. He told VOA, "We estimate that if trans fat is eliminated, 17 million lives will be saved over a 25-year period".

Several high-income countries have virtually eliminated industrially produced trans fat through legally imposed limits on the amount that can be contained in packaged food. Food makers use this low-cost oil so food will stay fresh longer.

Starting in 2005, Iran's government collaborated with oil manufacturers, oil importers and nongovernmental organizations to reduce trans fats.

Crisco shortening, which his supermarket shelves in 1911, gave Americans their first taste of trans fatty food. "There are alternatives to industrially produced trans fats".

By 2010, trans fat levels in the blood of middle-aged US adults dropped by almost 60 percent.

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The regulations also require any product labelled as "trans fat-free" to contain less than one gram of trans fats per 100 grams. This is because the oil remains solid at room temperature. In addition to increasing the risk of heart disease, they can raise the levels of bad cholesterol in the body while lowering the levels of good cholesterol.

High-income countries have either banned these artificial fats or are in the process of banning them due to their connection to heart disease.

The WHO drew attention to Denmark, the first country to mandate restrictions on industrially produced trans fats, where trans fat content of food products declined dramatically. Now, the World Health Organization (WHO) wants to completely eliminate them from our diets and they've released a detailed, step-by-step plan for doing so.

Legislate or enact regulatory actions to eliminate industrially produced trans fats. Replacing trans-fats with unsaturated fatty acids decreases the risk of heart disease, in part, by ameliorating the negative effects of trans fats on blood lipids.

The WHO plan calls on governments to take specific steps. "Trans fat is an unnecessary toxic chemical that kills, and there's no reason people around the world should continue to be exposed".

Additional reporting from Newsy affiliate CNN. Hai Do was the editor.

The Heart Foundation says cardiovascular disease is a leading killer of Australian women.


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