Tuesday's announcement from the USA came just days after the two world superpowers had announced a tentative solution. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin went on Fox News to say the trade war was "on hold". Ross's trip was originally meant to work out the details of a vague promise by China May 19 to increase its purchases of USA farm goods and natural gas.
This statement was issued by US days before the U.S. Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross visit to Beijing.
The State Department noted these changes will go into effect starting on June 11.
"What we need to do as a country, and the president has the courage and vision to do this, we've got to stand up to Chinese economic predation". The tariff threat is unlikely to derail ongoing talks, they said.
Economists say the changes also can help generate jobs in China by allowing consumers to buy higher-quality goods locally instead of when they travel overseas. "I don't think it blows up a deal with the Chinese". As it does so, China must bear three considerations in mind before responding to the United States.
China's Commerce Ministry said that the statement by Washington is surprising and negates the recent agreements between both sides.
China later retaliated by levying tariffs against US exports.
Members of both parties in the House and Senate slammed the agreement the Trump administration reached with ZTE Friday, in which the Chinese firm agreed to remove its management team, hire American compliance officers, and pay a fine. Navarro has now been on U.S. media selling the U.S. President's latest turnaround on trade.
Also on Tuesday, a White House official said the U.S. Under that program, China aims to take a leading role in developing technologies in areas such as artificial intelligence, robotics, and electric cars.
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The White House announcement said it also would impose curbs on Chinese investment and purchases of high-tech exports.
Officials published a first draft of the list this spring with about 1,300 items, including medical devices and industrial machinery, triggering a period for comments and feedback. Because the ban falls under the U.S. Commerce Department's jurisdiction, it will likely take priority in Ross' upcoming meetings in China.
It was not clear if the developments would have any impact on the planned visit to China by Ross.
Even though Washington had not withdrawn the threatened tariffs on imports from China, Beijing reacted harshly to the announcement, saying it was surprised by Tuesday's statement and would defend its interests.
White House National Trade Council Director Peter Navarro is contradicting Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin's assertion that the US trade war with China is on hold.
European companies also complain they are blocked from acquiring most assets in China while Chinese companies are on a global buying spree.
"We on the Chinese side do not want to fight but are not afraid to fight a trade war", she said.
"The Chinese government is known for using their military's cyber capabilities to hack into private U.S. tech firms, stealing IP, then transferring the technology to state-run companies who profit from its development", he said.