"Placed today (under the sanctions) structures directly engaged in the improvement of Russian capacity in the cyber sphere and under water (this refers to the tracking data transmitted through the underwater communication cables) through working for the FSB, and thus they risk the security of the United States and its allies" - quoted in the Russian press review of the head of the U.S. Treasury Stephen Mnuchin.
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The designation allows the United States to block all property and interests belonging to the individuals that are subject to USA jurisdiction.
Examples of Russia's malign and destabilizing cyber activities include the destructive NotPetya cyber-attack; cyber intrusions against the USA energy grid to potentially enable future offensive operations; and global compromises of network infrastructure devices, including routers and switches, also to potentially enable disruptive cyber-attacks.
The official statement said that these designated entities have provided material and technological support to Russia's Federal Security Service (FSB).
Even as officials in the United States and European countries cite Russian Federation for interference in their elections and its annexation of Crimea, insisting it remain expelled from the G7 until it returns the territory to Ukraine, Trump has repeatedly stressed the need for stronger relations with Moscow.
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The United States imposed new sanctions against Russian companies and individuals in connection with the "cyber threat from organizations working at the direction of Moscow".
It's not clear whether the U.S. government believes Embedi and ERPScan were also involved in that project, and the official notice doesn't accuse them of having done so, noting only that they are subsidiaries of Digital Security.
ERPScan and Embedi were designated pursuant to E.O.
The sanctions also target the Kvant Scientific Research Institute, which the Treasury said is owned or controlled by Russian security service and Divetechnoservices.
The individuals named on Monday all had ties to Divetechnoservices: its general director, Aleksandr Lvovich Tribun; its program manager, Oleg Sergeyevich; and Chirikov and Vladimir Yakovlevich Kaganskiy, the company's owner. Digital Security has some major clients, including Yandex, QIWI, Mail.ru Group, Tele2, and SAP.
Anderson said the company's headquarters and research and development hub are located in Herzilya, north of Tel Aviv and that "we have no connections with Russia or the Russian government".