England captain Joe Root was brilliantly run out by Kohli at Edgbaston and the Indian captain mocked his opposite number with his celebration, but the hosts would be laughing last after dramatically recovering to win the first test and they have taken firm control of the second ahead of day three in London.
Anderson, who has 544 Test wickets, will have his eyes on equaling Ian Botham's record of 27 five-wicket hauls in the longest format. On the Day 2, English bowlers used the conditions perfectly and restricted India for just 107 runs in the first innings.
After a rain delay, things got really ugly for the visitors.
Kohli, who also suffered a sore back during the tour of South Africa earlier this year, was seen spending some time off the field during the third session.
Those who have tracked Virat Kohli's captaincy tenure will know that no matter the end result of the contest, he will give you a talking point to write on before it begins, in the form of his team selections.
Instead of taking on the challenge himself, the divisive skipper turned around and headed back towards bowler's end, leaving Pujara stranded, with nowhere to go.
The actions of Guyana pacer Tanvir attracted a lot of criticism on social media and the left-arm seamer is expected to face strict action.
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That easy wicket for England left India at 3/15.
England crossed 200 in the 49th over even as Ravichandran Ashwin (0/23) failed to provide any breakthrough.
India now trail 1-0 in the five-match Test series after a 31-run loss at Edgbaston.
Pujara and Kohli were involved in a run out which led to Pujara's wicket and turned the match in England's favour.
Earlier, India chose to play with two spinners in Ravichandran Ashwin and Kuldeep Yadav, whereas Cheteshwar Pujara had a horrific return to Test cricket.
England prefer Chris Woakes to Moeen Ali as the replacement for Ben Stokes, while Ollie Pope is in for Dawid Malan. After a brittle performance last week, India had hoped they had shored up their batting card -Cheteshwar Pujara brought in, KL Rahul's promoted up the order - as it was the pair managed less than 40 minutes at the crease between the two of them.