"Industry is generally pleased with the proposed deal as it maintains preferred market access for the major exports into the United States", STEP President Chris Dekker said. Canada fought hard to retain Chapter 19, a holdover from NAFTA that USA trade ambassador Robert Lighthizer worked tooth and nail to eliminate.
"It's probably not going to have any impact at all as far as saving farms", said Darin Von Rudin, a third-generation dairy producer and head of the Wisconsin Farmers Union. He explained it allows for fair, transparent methods by which disputes can be resolved.
Morneau says Canada is working to ensure producers are protected from potential diversion of steel and aluminum from other countries while also balancing the needs of users. One letter promises Canada will be exempt from any future US tariffs imposed on automobiles and auto parts as a matter of national security.
The most critical aspect of free trade with the United States is auto exports.
The lifted uncertainty could be enough to prompt more business investment, said RBC senior economist Nathan Janzen in a note.
Quebec's former premier Jean Charest defended the new United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) as "a good deal for Canada on balance".
Joy Smith with Sask Milk calls it a very bad day for many. Although Canadian sources said its government was prepared to offer compensation, dairy farmers reacted angrily. "We feel as though we were used as pawns, politically".
Indian court allows deportation of 7 Rohingya to Myanmar
Rakhine was the epicentre of a Myanmar army offensive that over the past year has driven 700,000 Rohingya Muslims into Bangladesh. The state has a long border with Bangladesh and huge migration flows which many say threatens Assamese jobs and culture.
On dairy, Gourlay says USA producers can use hormones, that are illegal in Canada, to produce milk and there's a long list of things American farmers do that Canadians don't tolerate. "It represents a hit to consumers who overwhelmingly prefer Canadian eggs, with almost 90 percent agreeing it's important that the eggs they purchase are produced in Canada", said Roger Pelissero, Chairman of Egg Farmers of Canada.
"They don't want the government giving them a bunch of money".
Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland said Monday that all farmers in supply management systems will be fairly compensated for the additional market access being given to trading partners in the deal.
There are around 5,000 jobs related to dairy in Saskatchewan.
"The biggest victor from the USMCA will be Wisconsin dairy farmers - a key component of our state's economy", said Kurt Bauer, president and CEO of Wisconsin Manufacturers and Commerce. Since then, meat that is raised in Mexico and Canada can be labeled as a product of the USA, as long as it's slaughtered or packaged in this country. We're kind of left wondering what does that mean. So really, it's a non-tariff thing and it's going to be very beneficial to us.
"It's not the time to make decisions while in a state of shock", Groleau said.
He said he hopes the aluminum and steel tariffs can be resolved shortly, but that the manufacturing industry didn't lose anything in the new deal.
But there's a possible boon for wheat growers in states along the border with Canada, which will be required to treat USA wheat the same way it treats its own.