Trump also sought to parallel the controversy to Russia's efforts to meddle in the 2016 election, saying sarcastically, "Let's blame the Russians and demand an immediate apology from President Putin!"
On Tuesday, Macron took to French radio to express the need for Europe to reduce its reliance on an increasingly isolationist USA for defence.
The president and first lady Melania Trump were expected to visit several memorial sites in France that are dedicated to American service members. Europe is the "main victim" of Trump's decision, Macron said in remarks made as he toured World War I battlefields ahead of the centenary of the November 11 armistice, according to the Wall Street Journal.
"Very insulting, but perhaps Europe should first pay its fair share of North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, which the United States subsidises greatly".
US President Donald Trump is shifting his post-election focus with a weekend trip to Paris, joining an global commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the armistice that ended World War I.
Trump's official mission on the trip is to participate in ceremonies marking the 100th anniversary of the end of World War One.
He planned to meet Mr Macron on Saturday for talks on topics expected to include European security, Syria and Iran. Macron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel have both publicly questioned whether Europe can depend on the U.S.to come to its aid in the event of war.
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Macron's office declined to comment on Trump's tweet.
"I don't think that this defense identity will start with an European Union army", Schinas said on Tuesday. "And we look forward to that", Mr Trump told reporters before leaving the White House.
Mr. Trump's brief visit to Europe comes amid uncertainty about the USA relationship with the continent.
The White House and the Kremlin had previously considered a formal meeting in Paris.
The statement reads in part, "The Nigerian President will join the United Nations Secretary-General, Antonio Guterres and other world leaders in discussing contributions towards global peace while underscoring the imperative of collective action". Early on, Macron tried to position himself as a sort of "Trump whisperer" and Trump returned the favour, hosting Macron at the first and only state dinner of his presidency.
Macron and other European leaders have repeatedly criticized Trump's efforts to undermine the deal, and have sought to create a special mechanism that would allow the bloc to avert US sanctions and continue trading with Iran.