NASA's Parker Solar Probe is now closer to the sun than any spacecraft has ever gotten. Scientists have confirmed that the spacecraft exceeded the current record of 26.55 million miles from Sun's surface on Monday. In the final flyby in 2015, Parker Solar Probe will cruise at the closest 3.83 million miles from the sun's surface. Dries man also said that it is a very proud moment for the whole team, but they are focused on their first solar encounter on October 31. NASA employees expect that he will beat his own record and will eventually fly up to the Sun at a distance of 6.16 million kilometres in 2024. The spacecraft, which was launched in August with an ambitious goal to "touch the Sun" - not literally, though, - is created to re-think our understanding of the Sun's corona and solar winds. His speed was 153,454 miles per hour.
The previous record was held by the Helios 2 craft, which was launched from Florida's Cape Canaveral Air Force station in 1976.
Even the massive Delta IV Heavy (above) that launched the Parker Solar Probe on 12 August 2018 falls well short.
These observations will add key knowledge to NASA's efforts to understand the Sun, where changing conditions can propagate out into the solar system, affecting Earth and other worlds, it said. It will pass within 15 million miles (24 million km) of the surface of the sun.
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The first of these two dozen close encounters is just around the corner: It officially begins Wednesday (Oct. 31), with perihelion (closest solar approach) coming on the night of November 5.
The probe will begin it's first encounter with the Sun on Wednesday, culminating with its perihelion, or closest point to the Sun, at about 10:28 p.m. EST on Monday. The sun's gravity will eventually see the probe reach speeds of about 430,000mph.
The $1.5 billion spacecraft will study the sun during 24 close flybys over the next seven years, getting closer and closer to our star each time. Thus, it will provide the information, and also take samples of the corona's particle, and analyze the Sun's magnetic and electric fields.